Not-so-simple Harmonic Oscillator
Buffalo State College, July 12–14, 2021
(One set-up available)
The harmonic-oscillator problem is perhaps the most generally-applicable model system in all of physics, and this workshop introduces attendees to the wealth of topics that can be taught, and learned, about this system via hands-on investigation. The results obtained in this table-top investigation then apply to any system that can be modelled as a damped, driven, harmonic oscillator. The system under investigation also forms a fine instance of a ‘linear system’ described by a transfer function, another concept of extremely wide applicability.
The apparatus chosen is an electro-mechanical harmonic-oscillator system using (for convenience) a torsional degree of freedom, in which a variety of damping laws, and an entirely general driving torque waveform, can be introduced. In addition to reinforcing concepts in the statics and dynamics of 1-d rotational motion, the TeachSpin Torsional
Oscillator we use permits variation of the rotational inertia, and the restoring-force constant,of the oscillator.
The ‘drive’ and the ‘read-out’ of this oscillator are both electronic signals of low (∼1 Hz) frequency, and ordinary signal generators and oscilloscopes are the preferred tools for interacting with the oscillator. Particpants will use the TeachSpin oscillator to measure, statically and dynamically, the parameters of the system, and will learn to compare observations with theory. In particular, the transient response, and the steady-state response to sinusoidal drive, can be investigated in detail; both the magnitude response, and the phase shift, can be measured as a function of frequency, and compared with expectations for resonant behavior.
Participants ought to bring a laptop and/or notebook, and optionally may bring their own oscilloscopes if desired. Replication of this Immersion costs about $3600, assuming ordinary lab tools are available.
David Van Baak is Professor Emeritus of Physics at Calvin College. His academic career included teaching and developing in the advanced-lab at Calvin College from 1980 through 2014; and since 2005 it has included collaborations with TeachSpin. Since 2014 he has been full time at Teachspin.
Please note that the Jonathan F. Reichert Foundation has established a grant program to help purchase apparatus used in Laboratory Immersions. Limitations and exclusions apply, but generally speaking the Foundation may support up to 40% of the cost of the required equipment.
Dr. David A. Van Baak, Teachspin, Inc., 2495 Main Street, Suite 409, Buffalo NY 14214-2153. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Telephone: 716-885-4701.